On anelliptic approximations for qP velocities in TI and orthorhombic media |

The group-velocity approximation in equation 24 can be easily converted into the corresponding moveout equation using the relationship between offset ( ), vertical distance ( ), and total reflection traveltime ( ) given by

where is the depth of the reflector, is the vertical two-way reflection traveltime, and V( ) is the approximated group velocity. The moveout equation corresponding to equation 24 is thus,

where

denotes the NMO-velocity (Alkhalifah and Tsvankin, 1995) and is given by

(33) |

denotes the hyperbolic part of the reflection traveltime squared and is given by

(34) |

Assuming a particular media type and using a linear relationship between and , we reduce the number of independent moveout parameters in the similar manner. However, note that (equations 29) and (equation 30) also depend on and . Therefore, to effectively reduce the number of parameters in the moveout approximation (equation 32) to three, we suggest, as an approximation, to adopt only for equations 29 and 30, which lead to

As a result, the moveout approximation depends on , , and .

For small offsets, the Taylor expansion of equation 32 is

(36) |

which reduces to the expression given by Fomel (2004) by setting . The asymptote of this expression for unbounded offset is given by

(37) |

which is the horizontal velocity squared.

In the Muir-Dellinger notation, another nonhyperbolic moveout approximation, the generalized nonhyperbolic moveout approximation (Stovas, 2010; Fomel and Stovas, 2010) can be expressed as

If the empirical assumption of , or equivalently acoustic approximation is used, equation 38 reduces to the moveout approximation of Fomel (2004).

On anelliptic approximations for qP velocities in TI and orthorhombic media |

2017-04-14