Local seismic attributes

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## Definition of local correlation

In a linear algebra notation, the squared correlation coefficient from equation 8 can be represented as a product of two least-squares inverses

 (9) (10) (11)

where is a vector notation for , is a vector notation for , and denotes the dot product operation. Let be a diagonal operator composed from the elements of and be a diagonal operator composed from the elements of . Localizing equations 10-11 amounts to adding regularization to inversion. Scalars and turn into vectors and defined, using shaping regularization , as
 (12) (13)

To define a local similarity measure, I apply the component-wise product of vectors and . It is interesting to note that, if one applies an iterative conjugate-gradient inversion for computing the inverse operators in equations 12 and 13, the output of the first iteration will be the smoothed product of the two signals , which is equivalent, with an appropriate choice of , to the algorithm of fast local cross-correlation proposed by Hale (2006).

The local similarity attribute is useful for solving the problem of multicomponent image registration. After an initial registration using interpreter's nails'' (DeAngelo et al., 2004) or velocities from seismic processing, a useful registration indicator is obtained by squeezing and stretching the warped shear-wave image while measuring its local similarity to the compressional image. Such a technique was named residual scan and proposed by Fomel et al. (2005). Figure  shows a residual scan for registration of multicomponent images from Figure . Identifying and picking points of high local similarity enables multicomponent registration with high-resolution accuracy. The registration result is visualized in Figure , which shows interleaved traces from PP and SS images before and after registration. The alignment of main seismic events is an indication of successful registration.

 Local seismic attributes

Next: Conclusions Up: Measuring local similarity Previous: Definition of global correlation

2013-07-26